Private Pilot Certificate Requirements:

  • Be at least 17 years of age on the date of Practical Testing.

  • Hold a valid Third Class FAA Medical Certificate

  • Pass a Private Pilot Written Exam

  • Endorsement by a Certified Flight Instructor

  • 40 Hours Minimum Flight Time, to Include:
    20 Hours Dual Flight Instruction
    3 Hours Cross Country
    3 Hours Night Flying
    10 Night Take-Offs and Landings
    Night Cross Country Flight Covering 100 nautical miles
    3 Hours Instrument Flight Training
    3 Hours Private Pilot Test Preparation
    (Must be within 60 days prior to Practical Test)
    10 Hours of Solo Flight
    5 Hours of Solo Cross Country
    3 Solo Full Stop Landings at a Controlled Field

  • Pass the practical Test including Oral Exam and Flight Test

Instrument Rating Requirements:

Hold at least a current private pilot certificate or be concurrently applying for a private pilot certificate with an airplane, helicopter, or powered-lift rating appropriate to the instrument rating sought.

  • Be able to read, speak, write, and understand the English language.

You must have logged the following:

  • At least 50 hours of cross-country flight time as pilot in command. At least 10 of these hours must be in airplanes for an instrument-airplane rating.

  • A total of 40 hours of actual or simulated instrument time on the areas of operation listed in 61.65(c).

  • At least 15 hours of instrument flight training from an authorized instructor in the aircraft category for the instrument rating sought.

For instrument-airplane rating, instrument training on cross-country flight procedures that includes at least one cross-country flight in an airplane that is performed under instrument flight rules. This flight must consist of:

  • A distance of at least 250 nm along airways or ATC-directed routing.

  • An instrument approach at each airport.

  • Three different kinds of approaches with the use of navigation systems (Example: ILS, VOR, GPS, etc).

  • At least 3 hours of instrument training that is appropriate to the instrument rating sought from an authorized instructor in preparation for the checkride within two calendar months before the examination date.



Commercial Pilot RequirementS:

  • Be able to read, write, and converse fluently in English 

  • Be at least 18 years of age 

  • Hold at least a current third-class FAA medical certificate.  Later, if your flying requires a commercial pilot certificate, you must hold a second-class medical certificate. 

  • Hold an instrument rating.  A commercial pilot is presumed to have an instrument rating. If not, his/her commercial pilot certificate will be endorsed with a prohibition against carrying passengers for hire on day VFR flights beyond 50 NM or at night. 

  • Receive and log ground training from an authorized instructor or complete a home-study course 

  • Pass a knowledge test with a score of 70% or better.  The instrument rating knowledge test consists of 100 multiple-choice questions selected from the airplane-related questions in the FAA's commercial pilot test bank. 

  • Accumulate appropriate flight experience and instruction (see FAR 61.129). A total of 250 hours of flight time is required.  

  • Successfully complete a practical (flight) test given as a final exam by an FAA inspector or designated pilot examiner and conducted as specified in the FAA's Commercial Pilot Practical Test Standards